Surgery is an important part of cancer treatment, and technological advances such as minimally invasive and robotic procedures have made it more effective than ever.
We have some of the best cancer surgeons in Ghaziabad at Shri Jagannath Charitable Cancer Hospital, and they are highly skilled in managing a wide range of primary and secondary cancers, with a special emphasis on preserving patients' quality of life. In some cases, removing an affected organ may be required to prevent cancer from spreading, but our experts are trained to restore organ structure and function, allowing patients to regain confidence and return to their normal lives.
Surgery removes the tumour as well as a small amount of healthy tissue around it known as the margin. Surgery is recommended for a variety of reasons, including:
- Tumour removal
- Keeping cancer from spreading
- Body part reconstruction
- Palliative medicine
Before recommending surgery, factors such as the type, size, stage, and location of the cancer, as well as the patient's age and physical condition, are considered. For better results, surgery can be combined with other treatments such as radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or hormone therapy.
Oncology surgical procedures
Open surgery and minimally invasive surgery are the two main types of cancer surgery.
The surgical oncologist makes a large incision in open surgery, usually to remove all or part of a tumour as well as some of the surrounding healthy tissue (margins).
Minimally invasive surgery
The techniques listed below are examples of minimally invasive surgical techniques.
- Laparoscopy:- A surgical oncologist makes a few small incisions and inserts a laparoscope—a thin tube with a tiny camera attached to it—into one of them to capture an interior image, while surgical tools are inserted into the other incisions to excise malignancies and surrounding tissue.
- Laser Surgery:- To remove a tumour, the surgeon uses a narrow beam of high-intensity light.
- Cryosurgery:- The surgeon freezes and kills cancer cells with liquid nitrogen.
Robotic surgery is comparable to laparoscopic surgery. However, instead of manipulating surgical tools by hand, the surgeon operates the robotic tools via a computer console.
Depending on the procedure, non-surgeons such as dermatologists, radiation oncologists, and interventional pulmonologists may perform endoscopies, embolisation, Mohs micrographic surgery, and pleuroscopies.
Non-surgical treatments can be used before (neoadjuvant therapy) or after (adjuvant therapy) surgery to help prevent cancer growth, metastasis, or recurrence. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or hormone therapy may be used as treatments.
Cancers that are commonly treated with surgical oncology
Surgical oncology is commonly used to treat the following cancers:
- Cancer of the brain
- Cancer of the breast
- Cancer of the colon
- Cancer of the endocrine system
- Cancer of the stomach (gastric cancer)
- Cancers of the gynaecology
- Cancers of the head and neck
- Cancer of the lungs
- Skin cancer and melanoma
- Cancer of the pancreas